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Table 2 Baseline clinical and demographic characteristics of the total group of migraine patients (M-tot) and its subgroups undergoing normo- (M-norm) or hypo- (M-hypo) caloric ketogenic dietetic regimens

From: Cortical functional correlates of responsiveness to short-lasting preventive intervention with ketogenic diet in migraine: a multimodal evoked potentials study

Characteristics HV (n = 18) M-tot (n = 18)   M-norm (n = 8)   M-hypo (n = 10)  
Women (n) 16 16   7   9  
Age (years) 38.8 ± 9.3 38.8 ± 9.3   36.7 ± 9.3   40.5 ± 9.3  
Duration of migraine history (years)   18.0 ± 9.9   15.1 ± 7.0   20.4 ± 11.7  
   Before After Before After Before After
Attack frequency/month (n)   4.4 ± 2.7 1.3 ± 1.1 * 4.2 ± 2.5 1.1 ± 1.4 * 4.6 ± 2.9 1.5 ± 0.7 *
Attack duration (hours)   50.7 ± 26.9 15.8 ± 20.1 * 55.5 ± 24.8 8.7 ± 13.8 * 46.9 ± 29.3 21.5 ± 23.1 *
Body mass index (BMI) 25.1 ± 4.3 25.5 ± 4.6 24.0 ± 1.2 * 21.7 ± 1.8 20.6 ± 1.6 * 28.5 ± 3.7 26.8 ± 3.5 *
  1. Data are expressed as means ± SD. * = p < 0.05 before vs. after 1-month ketogenic diet