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Table 2 Associations between TMD and internalizing problems, externalizing problems, social, thought and attention problems. Regression coefficients are presented with 95 % confidence intervals retrieved from quantile regression analysis

From: The associations between psychosocial aspects and TMD-pain related aspects in children and adolescents

  Syndromes Non-TMD TMD-painfree TMD-pain
Internalizing problems Anxious/Depressed   
 Unadjusted Coeff. ref −2 4a
 95 % CI   (−8.2)–4.2 1.2–6.6
 Adjusted Coeff. ref −4 2
 95 % CI   (−8.2)–0.2 (−1)–5
Withdrawn/Depressed   
 Unadjusted Coeff. ref −1 3a
 95 % CI   (−4.5)–2.5 1.1–5
 Adjusted Coeff. ref −1 3a
 95 % CI   (−4.4)–2.4 0.7–5.2
Somatic Complaints   
 Unadjusted Coeff. ref −1 5a
 95 % CI   (−4.1)–2.1 0.9–9.1
 Adjusted Coeff. ref −1 5a
 95 % CI   (−4.4)–2.4 1.7–8.3
  Social Problems  
   Unadjusted Coeff. ref −3 4a
   95 % CI   (−6.4)–0.4 (−1.9)–6.1
   Adjusted Coeff. ref −3 3a
   95 % CI   (−6.6)–0.6 0.7–5.3
  Thought Problems  
   Unadjusted Coeff. ref 1 3a
   95 % CI   (−1.7)–3.7 1.3–4.7
   Adjusted Coeff. ref 0 1
   95 % CI   (−2.2)–2.2 (−0.7)–2.7
  Attention Problem    
   Unadjusted Coeff. ref −1 2
   95 % CI   (−4.2)–2.2 (−0.8)–4.8
   Adjusted Coeff. ref −0.5 1.5
   95 % CI   (−3.7)–2.7 (−0.6)–3.6
Externalizing problems Rule-Breaking Behavior  
 Unadjusted Coeff. ref −1 0
 95 % CI   (−2.8)–0.8 (−1.5)–1.5
 Adjusted Coeff. ref −1 0
 95 % CI   (−2.8)–0.8 (−1.3)–1.3
Aggressive Behavior   
 Unadjusted Coeff. ref 1 3a
 95 % CI   (−2.6)–4.6 0.2–5.8
 Adjusted Coeff. ref 0 2
 95 % CI   (−2.9)–2.9 (−0.2)–4.2
  1. a = significant difference between TMD-pain group and TMD-painfree (p < 0.05)
  2. Both unadjusted analysis and adjusted for age, sex, ethnic origin and parental income are presented