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Table 4 Personal impact of headache assessed by seven questions

From: The impact of headache in Europe: principal results of the Eurolight project

Question Proportion responding adversely* (%)
Overall Male Female
1. Have your headaches interfered with your education? 9.2 7.9 9.9
2. Do you believe your headaches have made you less successful in your career? 7.7 7.0 8.1
3. Have your headaches resulted in reduced earnings? 8.4 8.0 8.7
4. Do you avoid telling people that you have headaches? 31.4 30.1 32.1
5. Do you feel that your employer and work colleagues understand and accept your headaches? 36.3 38.9 34.9
6. Do you feel that your family and friends understand and accept your headaches? 10.8 10.5 10.9
7. Taking into account everything you do to treat your headaches, do you feel you are in control of your headaches? 13.5 13.0 13.7
  1. *“Yes” to questions 1–4; “no” to questions 5 and 6; “rarely” or “never” to question 7.
  2. Of those to whom the question was applicable (ie, having headache and being employed).