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Table 1 Summary of data collection methods in each country, excluding samples drawn through patients’ organizations

From: The impact of headache in Europe: principal results of the Eurolight project

Country* Sample size (n) Methods
Lithuania 1,137 Sample drawn from inhabitants of Kaunas city and Kaunas region using Residents’ Register Service, reflecting age (in range 18–65 y) and gender composition of Lithuania and proportions living in rural (33%) or urban (67%) areas. Data collection face-to-face, conducted by medical students “cold-calling” door-to-door.
Luxembourg 6,498 Sample aged 18–65 y, stratified for age, gender, region and nationality, drawn from general population via national social security registry (IGSS). Questionnaires distributed and returned by post. Reminders sent one month later to non-responders.
Spain 1,700 Random sample of employees of various companies operating in national postal services in 10 areas of Spain, stratified to be representative of general working population with regard to gender, age (within range 18–65 y) and education. Ten occupational health physicians delivered and took return of questionnaires. One reminder by telephone to non-responders.
Germany 3,000 Random urban (50%) and rural (50%) samples aged 18–65 y from general population listings supplied by local municipal authority. Questionnaires distributed and returned by post. No reminders sent.
Italy 3,500 Random urban (70%) and rural (30%) samples drawn from general population using listings supplied by Azienda Sanitaria Locale of Pavia, stratified with regard to gender, age (in range 18–65 y) and education. Questionnaires distributed and returned by post. No reminders sent.
France 2,400 Consecutive patients aged 18–65 y attending any of cooperative of 80 general practitioners (GPs) on a pre-specified day. Questionnaires to be completed and returned immediately or later by post. One reminder by email after one week to non-responders.
Austria up to 6,000 Up to 10 consecutive patients aged 18–65 y visiting any of 400 GPs and 200 neurologists for any reason on a pre-specified day. Questionnaires to be completed and returned later. One reminder after one month to non-responders.
Netherlands unknown Survey conducted by TNS-NIPO, a market research company with access to a population sample of 200,000, representative with regard to gender, age (in range 18–65 y), region and education. Questionnaire distributed by internet, to be completed on-line. Study stopped when >2,000 received back.
UK 720 Modified population-based sampling attempted through 12 GP practices in 11 areas (in UK, virtually all residents are registered with local GP). Questionnaire given to consecutive patients aged 18–65 y attending for any reason over a period of time, to be completed and returned immediately, or later by post.
  1. *Listed in descending order corresponding to how well the sample was population-based.