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Table 3 Results of the annual cross-sectional surveys of prevalence rates of self-reported headaches in Germany from 1995–2005 and 2009

From: Period prevalence of self-reported headache in the general population in Germany from 1995–2005 and 2009: results from annual nationwide population-based cross-sectional surveys

Year of survey   1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2009
General population n million inhabitants (≥ 14 years)   62.73 62.97 63.12 63.24 63.51 63.78 63.83 64.1 64.25 64.43 64.72 64.87
Self-employed, freelancers n = 622 736 728 715 709 696 706 703 753 730 732 668
HP 64.6% 59.1% 65.4% 61.6% 62.8% 65.3% 59.7% 61.6% 64.7% 64.5% 56.7% 65.3%
CI 95% 59.3 - 69.9 54.1 - 64.1 60.5 - 70.3 56.5 - 66.7 57.8 - 67.8 60.3 - 70.3 54.6 - 64.8 56.5 - 66.7 59.9 - 69.5 59.6 - 69.4 51.6 - 61.8 60.2 - 70.4
Public officers, skilled and managing employees n = 4633 5109 4984 4757 5019 4936 4945 4698 4461 4488 4684 5017
HP 61.6% 63.2% 61.3% 62.9% 63.4% 62.7% 63.5% 64.7% 65.3% 67.5% 64.2% 66.5%
CI 95% 59.6 - 63.6 61.3 - 65.1 59.4 - 63.2 61.0 - 64.8 61.5 - 65.3 60.8 - 64.6 61.6 - 65.4 62.8 - 66.6 63.3 - 67.3 65.5 - 69.5 62.3 - 66.1 64.6 - 68.4
Unskilled and semi-skilled workers n = 1123 1315 1487 1500 1490 1340 1481 1335 1503 1392 1291 1378
HP 65.2% 65.3% 63.3% 66.4% 64.7% 64.1% 66.7% 68.2% 62.6% 68.1% 61.6% 64.9%
CI 95% 61.2 - 69.2 61.6 - 69.0 59.9 - 66.7 63.0 - 69.8 61.3 - 68.1 60.5 - 67.7 63.3 - 70.1 64.7 - 71.7 59.2 - 66.0 64.7 - 71.5 57.8 - 65.4 61.3 - 68.5
Trainees, non-working persons (e.g. house-wives), retirees n = 4521 5078 5186 5045 5230 5511 5406 5614 5766 5413 5362 4950
HP 58.6% 57.1% 55.8% 57.2% 55.6% 54.1% 54.3% 55.7% 54.5% 56.8% 53.9% 57.1%
CI 95% 56.6 - 60.6 55.2 - 59.0 53.9 - 57.7 55.3 - 59.1 53.7 - 57.5 52.2 - 56.0 52.4 - 56.2 53.9 - 57.5 52.7 - 56.3 54.9 - 58.7 52.0 - 55.8 55.1 - 59.1
Household income (net) per month ≤ 999 € n = 1210 1309 1343 1299 1294 1268 1121 1318 2216 1027 1037 874
HP 61.4% 61.2% 60.4% 59.8% 60.6% 58.3% 59.5% 60.6% 60.5% 61.1% 55.5% 62.1%
CI 95% 57.5 - 65.3 57.4 - 65.0 56.7 - 64.1 56.0 - 63.6 56.8 - 64.4 54.5 - 62.1 55.4 - 63.6 56.9 - 64.3 57.6 - 63.4 56.9 - 65.3 51.2 - 59.8 57.5 - 66.7
Household income (net) per month 1,000€ - 2,499 € n = 6947 7693 7923 7834 7894 7785 7712 7662 7431 7085 7379 7197
HP 61.0% 60.9% 59.1% 61.4% 60.1% 58.4% 59.7% 60.8% 59.5% 61.9% 58.3% 60.2%
CI 95% 59.4 - 62.6 59.4 - 62.4 57.6 - 60.6 59.9 - 62.9 58.6 - 61.6 56.9 - 59.9 58.2 - 61.2 59.2 - 62.4 57.9 - 61.1 60.3 - 63.5 56.7 - 59.9 58.6 - 61.8
Household income (net) per month 2,500€ - 3,499 € n = 1837 2096 2057 1993 2201 2407 2459 2256 1844 2598 2729 2932
HP 60.7% 59.6% 60.7% 61.9% 60.5% 62.0% 59.4% 60.1% 60.8% 63.1% 60.0% 66.4%
CI 95% 57.5 - 63.9 56.6 - 62.6 57.7 - 63.7 58.9 - 64.9 57.6 - 63.4 59.2 - 64.8 56.7 - 62.1 57.2 - 63.0 57.6 - 64.0 60.5 - 65.7 57.4 - 62.6 64.0 - 68.8
Household income (net) per month ≥ 3,500 € n = 586 686 589 656 601 724 763 700 651 1115 979 1102
HP 60.0% 58.3% 63.3% 59.6% 63.4% 64.8% 60.9% 63.1% 61.2% 65.7% 63.1% 65.2%
CI 95% 54.4 - 65.6 53.1 - 63.5 57.8 - 68.8 54.3 - 64.9 58.0 - 68.8 59.9 - 69.7 56.0 - 65.8 58.1 - 68.1 55.9 - 66.5 61.7 - 69.7 58.9 - 67.3 61.2 - 69.2
  1. The table shows the one-year prevalence incomes. Basic population is the German-speaking population aged 14 years and older. HP: headache prevalence. (HP: headache prevalence in %; CI: confidence interval)rates of self-reported headaches at 95% confidence intervals (CI95%) for a) different occupational groups, and b) the strata for the different net household.