Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of the regional study populations

From: Association between lifestyle factors and headache

  DHS (Dortmund) KORA (Augsburg) SHIP (Pomerania)
n = 1,134a (n = 1,312)b n = 2,805a n = 2,597a (n = 3,300)c
Characteristic
Age (range) 35–75 (25–75) 35–75 35–75 (25–80)
Mean age (years) 55.6 (52.1) 54.6 54.9 (54.5)
Women (%) 52.4 (52.9) 52.2 52.3 (51.9)
School education ≤9 years (%) 54.7 (49.5) 57.6 40.7 (40.5)
Current smoker (%) 24.8 (25.5) 20.3 25.7 (25.7)
Physical activity >2 h/week (%) 31.1 (32.1) 36.3 22.4 (22.2)
Median alcohol intake (g/d) 2.9 (2.9) 6.8 4.9 (4.4)
BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2 (%) 28.8 (26.4) 25.9 32.4 (30.4)
Mean systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 143.0 (140.8) 130.0 133.1 (132.5)
Mean diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 87.9 (86.8) 82.5 82.7 (81.4)
History of hypertension (%) 38.3 (35.2) 44.2 51.6 (50.4)
History of myocardial infarction (%) 4.3 (3.7) 3.1 4.0 (4.3)
History of diabetes (%) 8.7 (7.6) 6.7 10.4 (11.2)
History of stroke (%) 2. 6 (2.2) 1.7 2.7 (3.0)
History of cancer (%) 5.1 (4.6) 5.0 5.4 (5.8)
Any headache during the last 6 months (%) 45.3 (48.6) 54.6 45.0 (45.5)
Migraine (%) 12.7 (13.0) 10.5 9.7 (9.5)
Complete criteria (%) 8.0 (8.5) 7.9 4.4 (4.3)
Probable criteria (%) 4.7 (4.5) 2.6 5.3 (5.2)
Tension-type headache (%) 24.2 (26.8) 35.0 27.4 (27.7)
Complete criteria (%) 15.7 (17.5) 23.6 15.5 (15.8)
Probable criteria (%) 8.5 (9.2) 11.4 11.9 (11.9)
  1. aAge group 35–75 years
  2. bAge group 25–75 in Dortmund Health Study (DHS)
  3. cAge group 25–88 years in the Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP)