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Table 4 Predictors of non-pain MS symptoms, according to a multivariate logistic regression model using a forward selection criteria

From: Migraine is comorbid with multiple sclerosis and associated with a more symptomatic MS course

  Optic neuritis Visual problems Cognitive symptoms
No migraine versus migraine 0.300 (0.145–0.621)   
No depression versus depression   0.232 (0.103–0.522) 0.197 (0.084–0.458)
No IFNβ use versus IFNβ use    3.178 (1.427–7.078)
  1. Values are OR and 95% CI after forward selection criterion, p < 0.01
  2. Age, gender, disease duration, IFNβ usage, migraine and depression where not significant predictors of brainstem symptoms; age, gender and disease duration were not significant predictors of any MS symptoms; p ≤ 0.01